Catalogue of Environmental Research Expertise in Ireland

The Catalogue of Irish Expertise in Environmental Research provides an insight into Irish Companies and Research Organisations active in the field of Environmental Research. You can View and Search the profiles of Irish researchers and companies; Register your profile; Keep it up-to-date; but also post your Partner Search Request or Expression of interest in a specific Call.

This is an Individual Researcher Profile

Researcher Contact Details

Research Title: Prof.

Contact First Name: Peter

Contact Surname: Croot

Contact Address:

Earth and Ocean Sciences School of Natural Sciences Quadrangle Building National University of Ireland, Galway University Road Galway

Telephone Contact Number: +353 (0)91 49 2194

Fax Contact Number: +353 (0)91 494 533

Email Address: peter.croot@nuigalway.ie

Organisation Details

Organisation Type: Higher Education Organisation

Higher Education Organisation Name: National University of Ireland, Galway

Other Organisation Name(s) if appropriate:

Research Organisation or Company/Corporate Website: http://www.nuigalway.ie/eos/staff/academic_staff/croot_p/croot.html

Organisation or Individual Expertise:
Chemical Oceanography: Investigations into the biogeochemical cycling of trace elements in the open and coastal ocean with emphasis on elements that influence primary productivity (e.g. Fe, Cd, Co, Cu, Zn), climate relevant processes (e.g. Iodine) or elucidate key processes such a scavenging or disaggregation (e.g. Ti, Al and Mn). Particular speciality in redox relevant processes in oceanic oxygen minimum zones and in terms of benthic-pelagic coupling. Applications of PARAFAC to determining CDOM distribution in the ocean from 3D EEM fluorescence data. Interactions of elemental cycles with picoplankton (e.g. Synechococcus and Prochlorococcus). Archaea and bacterial involvement in the nitrogen cycle. Surfactants in the ocean. Tracers of ocean mixing (e.g. 223Ra, 224Ra, H2O2). Ocean acidification effects on biogeochemical cycles. Environmental Chemistry: Fate of nanoparticles in aquatic enviroments. Redox processes in natural waters. Organic halogen formation (e.g. THM) in water systems (e.g. via UV or Ozonation). Analytical Chemistry: Development of analytical methods for the determination of trace element speciation at in situ concentrations under ambient conditions. Determine the kinetics of key processes involving trace element and reactive oxygen species (ROS) under present and future ocean conditions. Particular focus is on the reactions with hydrogen peroxide (H2O2) and superoxide (O2-). Remote sensing: Incorporation of satellite products with ocean observations from AUVs, gliders and moored sensors to gain \'big picture\' views of ocean biogeochemical processes. Modelling: Development of time dependent models for fast reactions in seawater (e.g. metal-organic complexation, photochemical mediated redox processes). 1D models reactive-diffusion models for vertical column distribution of chemical species. Intentions to develop full biogeochemical ROMS model for the west of Ireland. Experience: Over 500 days at sea on 15 major research expeditions in the North and South Atlantic, South Pacific and Southern Ocean.

Organisation or Individual Expertise Keywords:
chemical speciation nanoparticles colloids reactive oxygen species In situ sensors ocean observing systems Photochemistry trace metals coloured dissolved organic matter biogeochemical cycles flow cytometry oxygen minimum zones picoplankton bacteria redox reactions chemical kinetics remote sensing modelling iodine cycling marine optics PARAFAC ocean fertilization marine ecosystems services iron limitation Analytical Chemistry Environmental Chemistry Trace Metal Scavenging Volcanic Ash Continental Dust Particle Dissolution Ocean Tracers THM formation Clean Room Technology

National Research Funding

EPA Research Programme

This researcher or research organisation has expressed interest in the following areas:

 EPA Water Research Pillar
 Sustainable Environment Research
 Climate Change Research

Involvement in Relevant National Expert Groups

Marine Strategy Framework Directive


EU Research Partnerships

This researcher or research organisation has expressed interest in the following areas of EU Research Partnerships:

Climate Change


Interests indicated in the Climate Change Joint Programming Initiative

 Researching Climate Service Development and Deployment

 Improving Tools for Decision-Making under Climate Change

 Moving towards Reliable Decadal Climate Predictions

Relevant information in relation to Participation relevant experts groups

Recent co-author on AMAP report on Ocean Acidification in the Arctic Published peer-reviewed papers on Geoengineering and Ocean Fertilization

Details of any previous or current EU-funded projects the individual or organisation were involved in.

FP5 Ironages

Water


Interests indicated in the Water Joint Programming Initiative

 Maintaining Ecosystem Sustainability

Details of any previous or current EU-funded projects the individual or organisation were involved in.

Experience of participation in expert groups in this area

Any relevant information in relation to Participation in WssTP or other relevant experts groups

Member of COST ES1205 The transfer of engineered nanomaterials from wastewater treatment & stormwater to rivers (ENTER) Editor - Environmental Chemistry

Involvement in EU-funded research projects

Other areas of expertise:


Horizon 2020


Horizon 2020 website

Challenge 5 (Climate Action, Resource Efficiency & Raw Materials)

This researcher or research organisation has outlined their interests in Challenge 5 as follows:

Fighting and adapting to climate change

 Improve the understanding of climate change and the provision of reliable climate projections

 Assess impacts, vulnerabilities and develop innovative cost-effective adaptation and risk prevention and management measures

 Support mitigation policies, including studies that focus on impact from other sectoral policies

Sustainably managing natural resources and ecosystems

 Further our understanding of biodiversity and the functioning of ecosystems, their interactions with social systems and their role in sustaining the economy and human wellbeing

 Provide knowledge and tools for effective decision making and public engagement policies

Global environmental observation and information systems

Interest indicated in this area

Focus Areas

 Blue growth: unlocking the potential of the oceans

 Disaster-resilience: safeguarding and securing society, including adapting to climate change

Societal Challenges 5 Priority Areas

This researcher/organisation has interest(s) in Societal Challenges 5 Priority Areas as outlined as follows

None specified.

Expertise in Societal Challenges 5 Cross-cutting Areas

This researcher has indicated interest(s) and expertise in Societal Challenges 5 Cross-cutting areas as follows:

No cross-cutting areas specified

Details of Participation in European Innovation Partnerships and European Technology Platforms:

The details of any ETPs or EIP this researcher/organisation have participated in or are currently participating in is outlined as follows.

No participation information provided.


Relevant EU Research Experience

Information in relation to Participation in relevant experts groups

Current member of European Marine Board\\\'s expert working group on Deep-sea research Recent co-author on AMAP report on Ocean Acidification in the Arctic Previously member of Cost Actions ES735 and ES801

Involvement in EU-funded research projects: Please outline details of any previous or current EU-funded projects the individual or organisation was involved in.

Personally was previously involved in projects funded by the 5th, 6th and 7th Framework.


LIFE and COST Actions





Go to the LIFE website
Go to the COST website

Interest in LIFE subprogrammes:

 Environment and Resource Efficiency

 Biodiversity

 Environmental Governance and Information


COST Actions/LIFE programmes the researcher is currently or has participated in:

Currently: COST Workgroup Action 1205: The transfer of engineered nanomaterials from wastewater treatment & stormwater to rivers (2013-present, Management Committee member representing Ireland). Also hope to be involved in ES1302: European Network on Ecological Functions of Trace Metals in Anaerobic Biotechnologies Previously participated in: EU COST Workgroup Action 801: The ocean chemistry of bioactive trace elements and paleoclimate proxies (2009-2013) EU COST Workgroup Action 735: Tools for Assessing Global Air–Sea Fluxes of Climate and Air Pollution Relevant Gases (2007-2012)


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