Monitoring of gas emissions at landfill sites using autonomous gas sensors

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Resource or Project Abstract

This report details the work carried out during the Smart Plant project, funding code 2005-AIC-MS- 43-M4. As part of this research, an autonomous platform for monitoring greenhouse gases (methane (CH4), carbon dioxide (CO2)) has been developed, prototyped and field validated. The modular design employed means that the platform can be readily adapted for a variety of applications involving these and other target gases such as hydrogen sulfide (H2S), ammonia (NH3) and carbon monoxide (CO) and the authors are in the process of completing several short demonstrator projects to illustrate the potential of the platform for some of these applications. The field validation for the greenhouse gas monitoring platform was carried out at two landfill sites in Ireland. The unit was used to monitor the concentration of CO2 and CH4 gas at perimeter borehole wells. The final prototype was deployed for over 4 months and successfully extracted samples from the assigned perimeter borehole well headspace, measured them and sent the data to a database via GSM communications. The data were represented via an updating graph in a web interface. Sampling was carried out twice per day, giving a 60-fold increase on current monitoring. The authors believe that a unit which is capable of such monitoring has been developed and validated. This unit provides a powerful tool for effective management of landfill site gases. The effectiveness of this unit has been recognised by the site management team at the long-term ix deployment trial site, and the data gathered have been used to improve their day to day operations and gas management system on-site. The CO2 levels can be accessed remotely via the web link: http://kspace.cdvp.dcu.ie/public/colum/gasMonitor/.

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Contact Information for This Resource

Dr. Breda Kiernan
Dublin City University
Environmental Research Scientist
CLARITY: Centre for Sensor Web Technologies, School of Chemical Sciences, DCU, National Centre for Sensor Research, School of Chemical Sciences, DCU Glasnevin, Dublin 9, Ireland
Telephone: +353 1 700 7926
e-mail: breda.kiernan@dcu.ie

Dr. Stephen Beirne
Dublin City University
Environmental Research Scientist
CLARITY: Centre for Sensor Web Technologies, National Centre for Sensor Research, Dublin City University, Glasnevin, Dublin 9, Ireland
Telephone: +353 1 700 7926
e-mail: Stephen.Beirne@dcu.ie

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Attachment Name and Download Link
End of Project Report    STRIVE_53_Kiernan_LandfillGasEmissions_epr.pdf  (3.85 Mb)
Offline Print Quality Version    STRIVE_53_Kiernan_LandfillGasEmissions_syn_prn.pdf  (1.83 Mb)
Project Report Optimised For Online Viewing    STRIVE_53_Kiernan_LandfillGasEmissions_syn_web.pdf  (0.92 Mb)
Att: 4    STRIVE_53_LandfillGas_Summary_Findings.pdf  (0.36 Mb)

Suggested Citation Information

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Author(s)Kiernan, B. Beirne, S.
Title Of WebsiteSecure Archive For Environmental Research Data
Publication InformationMonitoring of gas emissions at landfill sites using autonomous gas sensors
Name of OrganisationEnvironmental Protection Agency Ireland
Electronic Address or URL http://erc.epa.ie/safer/resource?id=5fc51016-b619-102d-af1a-60cde515b757
Unique Identifier5fc51016-b619-102d-af1a-60cde515b757
Date of AccessLast Updated on SAFER: 2017-07-28

An example of this citation in proper usage:

Kiernan, B. Beirne, S.   "Monitoring of gas emissions at landfill sites using autonomous gas sensors". Associated datasets and digitial information objects connected to this resource are available at: Secure Archive For Environmental Research Data (SAFER) managed by Environmental Protection Agency Ireland http://erc.epa.ie/safer/resource?id=5fc51016-b619-102d-af1a-60cde515b757 (Last Accessed: 2017-07-28)

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Access Information For This Resource

SAFER-Data Display URL http://erc.epa.ie/safer/iso19115/display?isoID=174
Resource KeywordsWaste landfill emissions sensors gas buildup module methane
EPA/ERTDI/STRIVE Project Code2005-AIC-MS-43-M4
EPA/ERTDI/STRIVE Project ThemeWaste and Resource Management
Resource Availability: Any User Can Download Files From This Resource
Public-Open
Limitations on the use of this ResourceThe automated citation should be used for any 3rd party use of this report or it's findings.
Number of Attached Files (Publicly and Openly Available for Download): 4
Project Start Date Thursday 1st September 2005 (01-09-2005)
Earliest Recorded Date within any attached datasets or digital objects Thursday 1st September 2005 (01-09-2005)
Most Recent Recorded Date within any attached datasets or digital objects Saturday 1st May 2010 (01-05-2010)
Published on SAFERFriday 21st May 2010 (21-05-2010)
Date of Last EditFriday 21st May 2010 at 13:04:57 (21-05-2010)
Datasets or Files Updated On Friday 21st May 2010 at 13:02:51 (21-05-2010)

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Geographical and Spatial Information Related To This Resource

Description of Geographical Characteristics of This Project or Dataset
The location of the landfills are confidential.

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Supplementary Information About This Resource

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Lineage information about this project or dataset
Landfill is defined as a waste disposal site for the deposit of the waste onto or into land. Accordingly, landfill gas is defined as all the gases generated from the landfill waste (EU Council Directive, 1999/ 31/EC). It is generated by the decomposition of biodegradable waste. Additionally, a liquid known as leachate is also generated. Landfill gas is comprised of approximately 100 different components, though the main components are CO2 and CH4 gas (~ 99 % v/v) (Bridges et Waste can starts to generate landfill gas about 3 - 6 months after being deposited depending on the amount of decomposition undergone by the waste before landfilling (Office of Environmental Enforcement, 2010, pers. comm.), and this conversion takes place over five phases. Initially, the environment is aerobic and mainly CO2 gas is produced (Aitchison, 1996).
Supplementary Information
No supplementary information.
Links To Other Related Resources
  http://www.dcu.ie/chemistry/asg/kiernab (Opens in a new window)
  http://kspace.cdvp.dcu.ie/public/colum/gasMonitor/ (Opens in a new window)

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