Emissions from IPPC Industry: Quantifying Pollution Trends and Regulatory Effectiveness

This page displays all of the metadata information which describes this resource. This metadata information provides details of: the owners and creators of this resource; download links to any files which are available for downloading; geographical and temporal information about the datasets or project in general; other information such as a description of the project, experimental techniques used, data download restrictions, etc.

View other resources on SAFER owned/managed by the owner of this resource.

Files attached to this resource have been downloaded 55 times. View Download Timeline Graphic

Where in the world are users downloading files from this resource? Show Download Locations Map

Resource or Project Abstract

The 1996 EC Directive on Integrated Pollution Prevention and Control (IPPC) licensing (96/61/EC) integrated the regulation of emissions to air, water and land and the management of wastes and noise into single licences. Integration of impacts across different media and harmonisation across Member States were intended to ensure high environmental standards throughout the EU and avoid the shifting of environmental pressures to less-regulated media or countries. The IPPC Directive was formally transposed into Irish law through the Protection of the Environment Act, 2003. However, a number of EU Member States, including Finland, France, the Netherlands, Sweden and the United Kingdom, had implemented similar, though less comprehensive, forms of integrated licensing since the early 1990s. In Ireland, Integrated Pollution Control (IPC) licences had been issued since 1994, following the 1992 EPA Act. This Act consolidated the patchwork of environmental regulation and enforcement that previously existed, typical of EU Member States at that time (Silvo et al., 2002; Gray et al., 2007). Previously, industries were regulated by Ireland?s 33 local authorities through the issue of Single Media Licence (SML) discharge permits, in accordance with the Local Government (Water Pollution) Act, 1977 (amended 1990) and the Air Pollution Act, 1987. A primary aim of this study was to develop environmental performance indicators to interpret reported emissions data. Licensed installations report a diverse range of air and water emissions to the EPA Mass annual emissions data submitted annually in AERs provide the basis for this study. AER emission summaries focus on a suite of 28 parameters, 16 pertaining to water emissions and 12 pertaining to air emissions These represent the minimum universal reporting requirement across all sectors, but other sectors have additional requirements on an ad-hoc basis in AERs. This study focussed on four diverse IPPC-regulated sectors: 1. Food & Drink manufacturing (Food & Drink); 2. Power Generation (Power Gen); 3. Pharmaceutical manufacturing (Pharma); and 4. (Non-pharmaceutical) chemical manufacturing (Chem).

Go back to top of page Top  Up Arrow Icon

Contact Information for This Resource

Dr. David Styles
Trinity College Dublin
Environmental Research Scientist
Department of Botany, School of Natural Sciences, Trinity College Dublin, College Green, Dublin 2, Ireland
Telephone: +353 87 9591097
e-mail: stylesdf@gmail.com

Prof. Michael B. Jones
Trinity College Dublin
Professor
Department of Botany, School of Natural Sciences, Trinity College Dublin, College Green, Dublin 2, Ireland
Telephone: +353 1 8961769
e-mail: mike.jones@tcd.ie

Go back to top of page Top  Up Arrow Icon

Data, Files, Information Objects Related To This Project Resource

Please Read Carefully Before Downloading

It is important for the EPA and the Environmental Research Community to know that the data and information products we distribute are useful to the user community we support. One way of doing this is by tracking the use of data and information in publications. Parts of or all of the datasets, data, or digital information products available here can be freely downloaded for further use in scientific applications under the condition that the source will be properly quoted in published papers, journals, websites, presentations, books, etc. Whenever possible the EPA strongly urge you to cite the use of these data, information, and web resources in the reference section of your publications. For convenience an automatically generated citation is available below which can be used immediately for citation purposes.

EPA SAFER Data Download Disclaimer: Before downloading any of the data or information objects below you are kindly asked to read the data download disclaimer Read Disclaimer (Opens in New Window). Downloading data or information objects from SAFER-Data indicates an acceptance of the data download disclaimer and the conditions outlined within it.

Attachment Name and Download Link
Offline Print Quality Version    ERC_16_Styles_IPPCEmissions_prn.pdf  (3.08 Mb)
Project Report Optimised For Online Viewing    ERC_16_Styles_IPPCEmissions_web.pdf  (1.25 Mb)

Suggested Citation Information

The information supplied in the table below should be provided with all citations to this electronic resource. You are requested to format each of the fields below as required by the specific bibliographical style you are using.

Author(s)Styles, D. Jones, B.M.
Title Of WebsiteSecure Archive For Environmental Research Data
Publication InformationEmissions from IPPC Industry: Quantifying Pollution Trends and Regulatory Effectiveness
Name of OrganisationEnvironmental Protection Agency Ireland
Electronic Address or URL http://erc.epa.ie/safer/resource?id=fbed2e19-266a-102e-a0a4-f81fb11d7d1c
Unique Identifierfbed2e19-266a-102e-a0a4-f81fb11d7d1c
Date of AccessLast Updated on SAFER: 2017-03-26

An example of this citation in proper usage:

Styles, D. Jones, B.M.   "Emissions from IPPC Industry: Quantifying Pollution Trends and Regulatory Effectiveness". Associated datasets and digitial information objects connected to this resource are available at: Secure Archive For Environmental Research Data (SAFER) managed by Environmental Protection Agency Ireland http://erc.epa.ie/safer/resource?id=fbed2e19-266a-102e-a0a4-f81fb11d7d1c (Last Accessed: 2017-03-26)

*Permalink

Go back to top of page Top  Up Arrow Icon

Access Information For This Resource

SAFER-Data Display URL http://erc.epa.ie/safer/iso19115/display?isoID=183
Resource KeywordsIPPC Integrated Pollution Prevention Control AER licensing
EPA/ERTDI/STRIVE Project Code2006-FS-NE-38-M4
EPA/ERTDI/STRIVE Project ThemeEnvironmental Technologies
Resource Availability: Any User Can Download Files From This Resource
Public-Open
Limitations on the use of this Resourcet is crucial that any 3rd party use of the information provided is properly cited when used in any: publication, website, web blog, presentation, report, technical report, or article. An automated citation is provided below and should be used as a guide for the proper citation for this resource.
Number of Attached Files (Publicly and Openly Available for Download): 2
Project Start Date Monday 1st January 2007 (01-01-2007)
Earliest Recorded Date within any attached datasets or digital objects Monday 1st January 2007 (01-01-2007)
Most Recent Recorded Date within any attached datasets or digital objects Saturday 1st May 2010 (01-05-2010)
Published on SAFERMonday 11th October 2010 (11-10-2010)
Date of Last EditMonday 11th October 2010 at 11:36:19 (11-10-2010)
Datasets or Files Updated On Monday 11th October 2010 at 10:36:56 (11-10-2010)

Go back to top of page Top  Up Arrow Icon

Geographical and Spatial Information Related To This Resource

Description of Geographical Characteristics of This Project or Dataset
This is a desk study. The report looked at IPPC in Ireland and there is no explicit geographical reference.

Go back to top of page Top  Up Arrow Icon

Supplementary Information About This Resource

In this section some supplementary information about this resource is outlined. Lineage information helps us to understand why this project was carried out, what policy or research requirements did it fulfil, etc. Lineage is important in understanding the rationale behind the carrying out of a project or the collection of a specific dataset etc. Links to web sites, applications, papers, etc are outlined to provide you with additional information or supplementary reading about the project or dataset

Lineage information about this project or dataset
This is the End of Project report for a 3-year fellowship entitled Emissions to Air and Water funded by the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) under the Science, Technology, Research and Innovation for the Environment (STRIVE) programme. The primary objectives of this project, as outlined in the original proposal, were to: 1. Construct a database of emissions time series for installations and sectors, based on air and water emissions data reported to the EPA by installations licensed under the Integrated Pollution Prevention Control (IPPC) regime; 2. Develop and apply environmental performance indicators based on reported emissions data; 3. Model emission trends in relation to economic output, and isolate the effect of IPPC licensing compared with business as usual; and 4. Identify, using case studies, specific technologies and practices, in each sector, that reduce emissions.
Supplementary Information
Emissions reporting is becoming more comprehensive, especially with the recent introduction of new PRTR-compliant reporting templates. However, there is still a considerable degree of variability in the completeness of emissions reporting across installations and sectors. Whilst energy use can be used to estimate pollution loading for some installations in the absence of good emissions reporting, a number of major pollutants cannot be readily estimated by regulators. It would be useful to generate full LCA case studies for a few installations from each IPPC sector, identifying the main sources of environmental pressures and the proportion of those pressures accounted for within the gate-togate scope of current emissions reporting. This could lead to the identification of effective pollution avoidance options. In particular, it would be useful to compare pharmaceutical production in traditional chemical and new biopharma plants. The case studies referred to above could also be used to inform the development of targeted verification methodologies for monitoring and reporting of the most environmentally significant emissions. This study identified a major reporting problem in relation to fugitive NMVOC emissions. Where emissions cannot be monitored directly, the EPA could issue more guidance on the most appropriate and reliable estimation methods Further work is needed to explore the potential, and enforcement mechanisms, for less prescriptive but rigorous performance-oriented environmental regulation. In particular, there may be differences between sectors in terms of responsiveness to regulation through ELVs versus environmental performance measurement and reporting.
Links To Other Related Resources
  http://erc.epa.ie/safer/iso19115/displayISO19115.jsp?isoID=169 (Opens in a new window)

an image showing a web browser link icon Any links supplied by the resource owner are stored such that they will open in a new window. Following such a link may lead to a 3rd party website over which EPA has no control in regards to contents or suitability.

Go back to top of page Top  Up Arrow Icon

Similiar projects or datasets on SAFER with downloadable data files

The following is a list of projects, datasets, and resources on SAFER-Data from which users downloaded attachments from soon after downloading attachments from this resource Emissions from IPPC Industry: Quantifying Pollution Trends and Regulatory Effectiveness. You can view the full description for projects, datasets, and resources by using the links supplied.

Go back to top of page Top  Up Arrow Icon