Environmental Sustainability and Future Settlement Patterns in Ireland

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Resource or Project Abstract

Within the National Development Plan 2007?2013, it is recognised that there is a need for additional housing for our growing population. The National Spatial Strategy (NSS) is designed to identify where such new housing might be located, so as to provide for regionally balanced and sustainable development. It was recognised that the effectiveness of the National Spatial Strategy would benefit from additional policy-relevant information on the current sustainability of Irish settlements. Subsequent research calls by the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) recognised the need to bridge this gap in our knowledge. As a result of these calls, the EPA initially funded a pilot study and subsequently a larger scale study. The pilot project report Methodologies for the Estimation of Sustainable Settlement Size (Moles et al., 2002) described a method for assessing the sustainability of settlements. Results suggested that there existed a relationship between settlement size and sustainability, but data gaps and small settlement sample size limited the reliability of the results. The larger project reported here aimed to fill data gaps, further develop and apply quantitative methods to define the relationship between sustainability and settlement attributes such as population size and location, and to include a much larger sample of settlements. The larger project reported here aimed to fill data gaps, further develop and apply quantitative methods to define the relationship between sustainability and settlement attributes such as population size and location, and to include a much larger sample of settlements. Sustainability was defined in terms of environmental, social and economic pillars: a sustainable settlement provided secure employment for its inhabitants, access to a wide range of services, a choice of transport modes and a good quality of life. Seventy-nine settlements were selected for study, in three clusters centred on Limerick, Sligo and Athlone/Mullingar. Settlements varied in size from city (Limerick) to village.

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Contact Information for This Resource

Prof Richard Moles
University of Limerick
Director of CER
School of Chemical and Environmental Science, Limerick City, University of Limerick, Limerick City ., Ireland
Telephone: +353 (0) 61-202700
e-mail: richard.moles@ul.ie

Dr. Bernadette O'Regan
University of Limerick
Senior Lecturer
Centre for Environmental Research, University of Limerick, Limerick, Limerick City ., Ireland
Telephone: 00353-(0)-61 202552
e-mail: bernadette.oregan@ul.ie

Dr. John Morrisey
University of Limerick
Research Scientist
Centre for Environmental Research, University of Limerick, Limerick, Limerick City, Ireland
Telephone: 00353-(0)-61 202263
e-mail: john.morrissey@ul.ie

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Data, Files, Information Objects Related To This Project Resource

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Attachment Name and Download Link
Project Report Optimised For Online Viewing    STRIVE_2_RMoles_Settlements(Synthesis)_web.pdf  (1.41 Mb)
End of Project Report    STRIVE_2_RMoles_Settlements1_epr.pdf  (13.44 Mb)
End of Project Report    STRIVE_2_RMoles_Settlements2_epr.pdf  (12.5 Mb)
Offline Print Quality Version    STRIVE_2_RMoles_Settlements_prn.pdf  (10.48 Mb)

Suggested Citation Information

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Author(s)Moles, R. O'Regan, B. Morrisey, J.
Title Of WebsiteSecure Archive For Environmental Research Data
Publication InformationEnvironmental Sustainability and Future Settlement Patterns in Ireland
Name of OrganisationEnvironmental Protection Agency Ireland
Electronic Address or URL http://erc.epa.ie/safer/resource?id=0778ac39-8376-102b-aa08-55a7497570d3
Unique Identifier0778ac39-8376-102b-aa08-55a7497570d3
Date of AccessLast Updated on SAFER: 2017-06-29

An example of this citation in proper usage:

Moles, R. O'Regan, B. Morrisey, J.   "Environmental Sustainability and Future Settlement Patterns in Ireland". Associated datasets and digitial information objects connected to this resource are available at: Secure Archive For Environmental Research Data (SAFER) managed by Environmental Protection Agency Ireland http://erc.epa.ie/safer/resource?id=0778ac39-8376-102b-aa08-55a7497570d3 (Last Accessed: 2017-06-29)

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Access Information For This Resource

SAFER-Data Display URL http://erc.epa.ie/safer/iso19115/display?isoID=79
Resource KeywordsSettlement, Patterns, National Development, Ecological, Indices, indicators
EPA/ERTDI/STRIVE Project Code2001-LU/CD-(2/3)
EPA/ERTDI/STRIVE Project ThemeSocio-Economics
Resource Availability: Any User Can Download Files From This Resource
Public-Open
Limitations on the use of this ResourceThe authors of this report should be cited in any subsequent usage of the report and/or its findings in any type of published materials. The Environmental Protection Agency should also be included in this citation. The automatically generated citation is available below.
Number of Attached Files (Publicly and Openly Available for Download): 4
Project Start Date Tuesday 1st January 2002 (01-01-2002)
Earliest Recorded Date within any attached datasets or digital objects Tuesday 1st January 2002 (01-01-2002)
Most Recent Recorded Date within any attached datasets or digital objects Saturday 31st May 2008 (31-05-2008)
Published on SAFERWednesday 4th June 2008 (04-06-2008)
Date of Last EditFriday 6th June 2008 at 13:48:29 (06-06-2008)
Datasets or Files Updated On Friday 6th June 2008 at 13:48:29 (06-06-2008)

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Geographical and Spatial Information Related To This Resource

Description of Geographical Characteristics of This Project or Dataset
The study included settlements outside Dublin and the Dublin region, as part of its aim was to point up means of achieving sustainable growth outside the Dublin region as a counterbalance to the very rapid recent growth within it. The 79 settlements selected for study are located in three clusters around Limerick, Sligo and Athlone/Mullingar, settlements identified in the National Spatial Strategy as gateway towns with a prime function in enhancing regional economic and cultural growth. This number of settlements was selected on the basis that it was the greatest number for which data could be collected, given time and resource constraints, and the settlements in the sample were broadly representative of Irish settlements outside the Dublin region.

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Supplementary Information About This Resource

In this section some supplementary information about this resource is outlined. Lineage information helps us to understand why this project was carried out, what policy or research requirements did it fulfil, etc. Lineage is important in understanding the rationale behind the carrying out of a project or the collection of a specific dataset etc. Links to web sites, applications, papers, etc are outlined to provide you with additional information or supplementary reading about the project or dataset

Lineage information about this project or dataset
Within the National Development Plan 2007-2013, it is recognised that there is a need for additional housing for our growing population. The National Spatial Strategy is designed to identify where such new housing should be located, so as to provide for regionally balanced and sustainable development. It was recognised that the effectiveness of the National Spatial Strategy would be enhanced if there existed more information on the current sustainability of Irish settlements. Subsequent research calls
by the EPA recognised the need to bridge this gap in our knowledge.As a result of these calls, the EPA initially funded a pilot study and subsequently a larger scale study.
Supplementary Information
Two methods were selected to evaluate the
sustainability of settlements. Two were selected because (1) there was no single method described in the literature which would embrace all dimensions of urban sustainability, (2) it was not clear at the outset which was more likely to be successful, and (3) if it could be shown that application of two distinct methods produced similar results, then confidence in both methods and results would be enhanced. As a final step, both methods were amalgamated into a single measure of sustainability.
Links To Other Related Resources
  http://www.epa.ie/downloads/pubs/research/econ/name,24568,en.html (Opens in a new window)
  http://erc.epa.ie/safer/reports (Opens in a new window)

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